5 Common Orthodontic Problems and How to Avoid Them

Orthodontics isn’t merely about sporting a fashionable brace or achieving a picture-perfect smile. It’s an essential field in dental medicine, addressing functional and aesthetic concerns that can influence oral health and quality of life. At Davis Family Orthodontics, under Dr. Laura Davis’s expert guidance, we often encounter recurring orthodontic issues. Here, we detail the five most common problems and provide insights on how to steer clear of them.

1. Crowding:

Tooth crowding is not just about aesthetics; it’s a challenge that occurs when the dental arch doesn’t have enough space to accommodate the natural alignment of teeth. As teeth vie for their rightful place, they may overlap or twist, which could lead to difficulty in maintaining proper oral hygiene. Left unchecked, crowding can lead to increased risks of gum disease, cavities, and uneven wear of the tooth surfaces.

Avoidance Tip: Begin with routine dental evaluations for children as early as seven. These early visits allow orthodontists to forecast potential crowding and suggest preemptive measures. Devices like palatal expanders, or early extractions in some cases, can make room for incoming permanent teeth, preventing severe crowding in the future.

2. Overbite:

An overbite, often referred to as “buck teeth,” occurs when the upper front teeth excessively overlap the lower teeth. Beyond the cosmetic implications, a severe overbite can result in accelerated wear of front teeth, gum recession, and even jaw pain due to the misalignment of the bite.

Avoidance Tip: Opt for regular orthodontic screenings to catch an overbite in its developing stages. Depending on its severity, treatment options can vary from braces to correct teeth alignment to growth modification appliances for younger patients. It’s also crucial to address childhood habits like prolonged thumb-sucking, as they can exacerbate an overbite.

3. Underbite:

In the scenario of an underbite, the lower front teeth are positioned ahead of the upper teeth, creating a ‘bulldog’ appearance. This misalignment can make biting and chewing food a challenge, leading to undue stress on the jaw and uneven tooth wear.

Avoidance Tip: While genetic factors can play a role in underbites, early orthodontic intervention can guide proper jaw development, especially in children. For those beyond the growing years, orthognathic surgery might be an option. Addressing detrimental habits like prolonged pacifier use or finger-sucking can also help in preventing the onset or worsening of an underbite.

4. Crossbite:

When there’s a side-to-side discrepancy in the alignment of the upper and lower arches, a crossbite emerges. This misalignment can be either anterior (front teeth) or posterior (back teeth). If untreated, crossbites can influence facial symmetry, result in imbalanced jaw growth, and cause significant wear and chipping of the affected teeth.

Avoidance Tip: Early intervention is the key. Expanders, often used in children, can adjust the width of the upper jaw, facilitating a better bite. For those who identify a crossbite later in life, aligners or braces might be recommended to correct the misalignment.

While orthodontic issues might seem intimidating, remember that knowledge and early action can ward off many complications. Equipped with this deeper understanding, you’re better prepared to maintain your oral health and aesthetics.

5. Spaces or Gaps:

Spaces in between teeth, often the result of missing teeth or habits like tongue thrusting, can impact the appearance and functionality of one’s dentition. Over time, these gaps can lead to misaligned teeth and an altered bite.

Avoidance Tip: Braces or clear aligners are often employed to close spaces. Addressing detrimental oral habits, and considering dental implants or bridges for missing teeth, can prevent the development of significant gaps.

Your oral health journey doesn’t need to be fraught with challenges. By recognizing these common orthodontic problems and taking preventive steps, you can enjoy a healthier, more confident smile.

Navigating Orthodontic Challenges with Confidence

Orthodontic issues can seem daunting, but with the right guidance, they’re entirely manageable. Whether you reside in Lawrenceville, Morrow, Stone Mountain, or Loganville, GA, Dr. Laura Davis and the team at Davis Family Orthodontics are committed to assisting you in navigating your orthodontic journey with confidence. Don’t wait for minor issues to escalate. Schedule a consultation today and embark on the path to impeccable oral health.


  1. American Association of Orthodontists. “Common Orthodontic Issues.”
  2. Journal of Orthodontic Science. “Management of Common Orthodontic Problems.”
  3. Dental Research Journal. “Preventive and corrective measures in orthodontics.”
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Dr. Laura Davis and the staff at Davis Family Orthodontics are committed to maintaining the highest standards in orthodontic care and providing the best possible service to our patients. Our practice boasts state-of-the-art equipment and a caring, professional staff in a friendly, inviting environment.